TITLES AND ANNOTATIONS OF DOCUMENTS

FROM PRINCE GEORGE'S COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Maintained by William Peirce
Coordinator, Reasoning Across the Curriculum
(Updated February 2007)

The MCCCTR website contains documents related to teaching critical thinking and reasoning in all disciplines. My hope is that other MCCCTR faculty will add material, making a rich collection of helpful documents available to teachers of reasoning. In this portion of the web site are articles based on workshop and conference presentations, a few articles from the Prince George's Community College Reasoning Across the Curriculum newsletter, and workshop handouts. Titles and annotations appear below.


Understanding Students' Difficulties in Reasoning: Part One: Perspectives from Several Fields
Text version of a workshop presented at AFACCT, January 2007. (about 25 pages)

Why do students resist analytical and critical thinking in our courses?  Several perspectives offer explanations:

          I. Poor High School Preparation
         II. Perspectives from the Field of Critical Thinking
        III. Psychological Resistance to Thinking
        IV. Levels of Intellectual Growth
                   Perry: stages of intellectual and ethical growth
                   Belenky et al.: perspectives on women's ways of knowing
          V. Perspectives from Gender Differences

Designing Rubrics to Assess Higher Order Thinking
How to design holistic and analytical rubrics to assess students' thinking in programs, courses, and individual assignments. Text version of a workshop presented at AFACCT, January 2006. (about 15 pages)

The Year of Critical Thinking at Prince George's Community College
A description of the faculty development program launched at PGCC in fall 2004; presented at the AFACCT conference, January 14, 2005. (about 4 pages)


Handbook of Resources for the Year of Critical Thinking
Articles on topics such as ways to improve student thinking and teaching critical reading; sample assignments and activities that promote thinking. (40 page pdf file)

Using Writing to Develop Critical Thinking
Strategeies for developing critical thinking across the curriculum; a tip sheet at the University of Delaware Writing Center. (about 3 pages)


METACOGNITION: Study Strategies, Monitoring, and Motivation

Text version of workshop presented November 17, 2004. (about 15 pages)

REVIEW OF LEARNING TO THINK: DISCIPLINARY PERSPECTIVES by Janet Donald. Jossey-Bass, 2002. (about 3 pages)

REVIEW AND SUMMARY OF CREATING LEARNING CENTERED CLASSROOMS by Stage, Muller, Kinzie, and Simmons. Association for the Study of Higher Education, 1998. (about 3 pages)

REVIEW AND SUMMARY OF LEARNER-CENTERED TEACHING by Maryellen Weimer. Jossey-Bass, 2002. (about 6 pages) 

STRATEGIES FOR TEACHING THINKING AND PROMOTING INTELLECTUAL  DEVELOPMENT IN ONLINE CLASSES

Abstract: Analytical thinking and critical thinking can be taught very well online by using a variety of effective active learning strategies.

  I. Online Strategies for Teaching Thinking
 II. Online Strategies for Promoting Interactivity
III. Transforming Students’ Minds
IV. References
(About 19 printed pages)

UNDERSTANDING STUDENTS' DIFFICULTIES IN REASONING:
Part Two: Perspectives from Learning and Cognitive Styles

[Currently being revised and not available]
Abstract:  The print version of an interactive workshop, somewhat revised.  I review several approaches to learning and cognitive styles.  For some models I provide a brief overview (1-3 paragraphs):  auditory/visual/kinesthetic, reflective/impulsive, holistic/analytic, right brain/left brain, learning-oriented/grade-oriented, and independent/dependent.  I give the most attention (2-5 pages) to the popular models of field dependent/independent, David A. Kolb, the Myers Briggs personality types, and Robert Sternberg’s thinking styles.  Throughout the presentation are suggested teaching strategies for applying the models in the classroom.  The chief purpose of the presentation is to confront you with the problem that ALL teaching strategies and ALL testing methods will advantage some students and disadvantage others. (About 36 printed pages.) 

HOW TO GET STUDENTS TO DO THEIR HOMEWORK

Article describing a procedure for ensuring that students arrive in class with their homework done, ready to participate in small group tasks. From PGCC Reasoning Across the Curriculum Newsletter Vol. 2, No. 3 (March 1996). Revised April 2003.

FOUR QUESTIONS

From Richard Paul's book, Critical Thinking: How to Prepare Students for a Rapidly Changing World. A one-page workshop handout listing a variety of questions to ask about any position, in four areas: origins, support, conflict with other thoughts, implications & consequences.

CASHIN ON QUESTIONING

Condensed version of "Answering and Asking Questions" by William E. Cashin of the Kansas State University Center on Faculty Evaluation and Development. Classroom tips and examples of questions that promote thoughtful class discussions. From PGCC Reasoning Across the Curriculum (RAC) Newsletter No. 4 (February 1995).

CREATING A COMFORTABLE CLASSROOM CLIMATE

Article by Marlene Cohen of PGCC speech faculty on "Creating a Climate in which Students Comfortably Speak Up." From the PGCC Reasoning Across the Curriculum Newsletter No. 4 (February 1995).

HIGH SCHOOL PREPARATION FOR THINKING

Summary of article by Sherrie Nist on students' lack of preparation in high school for thinking in college. From PGCC Reasoning Across the Curriculum Newsletter No. 2 (November 1994)

STRATEGIES FOR TEACHING CRITICAL READING

How do you as a disciplinary expert teach poor readers, writers, and thinkers to function well in your course if they arrive unprepared?  Several strategies can help students read, write, and think better without taking a lot of the professor's time.

FIVE DIMENSIONS OF THINKING

The five dimensions of thinking described in Robert Marzano and others, Dimensions of Thinking: A Framework for Curriculum and Instruction. One-page workshop handout.

DISPOSITIONS TOWARDS CRITICAL THINKING

List of 16 dispositions towards critical thinking, developed by Robert Ennis. One-page workshop handout.

WAYS TO IMPROVE THINKING

Six ways to improve students' thinking. One-page workshop handout.

CHARACTERISTICS OF LOW-APTITUDE STUDENTS

Six characteristics of low-aptitude college students; they are limited by attitudes and thinking styles, not by low intelligence. One-page workshop handout.

METACOGNITION

One-page workshop handout on metacognition; from Robert Marzano and others, Dimensions of Thinking.

DESIGNING WRITING ASSIGNMENTS THAT TEACH THINKING

Handouts from a workshop on designing formal and informal writing assignments that promote disciplinary reasoning.

 Table of Contents
1.  Teaching Thinking Through Writing
2.  Improving Assignment Instructions
3.  Limitations of the Traditional Term Paper
4.  Speech 109 Interpersonal Communication Assignment
5.  Designing Grading Criteria for Formal Writing Assignments
6.  Checklist Assessment for Article Review
7.  Develop a Repertoire of Thinking Tasks
8.  Ten Strategies for Designing Thinking Tasks

DESIGNING EFFECTIVE WRITTEN ASSIGNMENTS

Summary of Chet Meyers on designing writing assignments that teach critical thinking, from his Teaching Students to Think Critically. Two-page workshop handout.

NATIONAL ASSESSMENT OF EDUCATIONAL PROGRESS

Brief summary of results from two studies. The 1992 National Assessment of Educational Progress: few students know how to use evidence well. In the 12th grade, 50-66 percent of the students were in the "minimally developed" category on the three essay tasks they were given.  The 1996 National Assessment of Educational Progress: the percentage of high school students who learn independently from their textbooks is low (6 %). The percentage who write well is even lower (2 %) and of those who write adequately is not high--less than a third (31 %).  Revised version of an article originally printed in PGCC Reasoning Across the Curriculum Newsletter.

OAKTON CC VIDEOTAPES ON TEACHING THINKING

Brief descriptions of seven videotapes for community college faculty on how to teach critical thinking; produced by the Critical Literacy faculty at Oakton Community College.

PERRY'S FIVE STAGES OF INTELLECTUAL GROWTH

Four stages of intellectual and ethical growth in the model by William Perry. One-page workshop handout.

BELENKY'S FIVE PERSPECTIVES ON INTELLECTUAL GROWTH

Five stages of intellectual growth in the model by Mary Field Belenky and associates. One-page workshop handout.

QUESTIONING TECHNIQUES

Classroom questions to ask that fit Bloom's cognitive taxonomy. One-page workshop handout from Maryland State Department of Education.

RESOURCES FOR TEACHING THINKING

List of books, publishers, addresses, and prices of basic books on teaching thinking. Two-page workshop handout.

USEFUL URLs FOR ARGUMENT AND PERSUASION

A list useful to students writing researched persuasive arguments:  public policy sites, guidance for web searches, general information.

WWW SITES ABOUT TEACHING REASONING AND CRITICAL THINKING

E-MAIL DISCUSSION LISTS ABOUT TEACHING THINKING OR OF INTEREST TO COMMUNITY COLLEGES


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