HST 141 THE UNFINISHED NATION, VOLUME I: TO 1877 Dr, Kerns
STUDY GUIDE: CHAPTERS 1, 2 AND 3
A) hunting and gathering.
C) fishing and gathering.
A) Woodland Indians.
B) Plains Indians.
C) Mountain Indians.
D) Coastal Tribes.
A) emphasized monotheism.
B) utilized totem poles in their ceremonies.
C) were tied closely to the natural world.
D) were not very important to their culture.
A) made little distinction between gender roles.
B) tended to divide tasks according to gender.
C) put women in important political positions.
D) did not allow women to exercise any control over social or economic matters.
A) was dominated by the Protestant Church.
B) was too divided and decentralized to inspire great ventures
C) built economies based on commercial agriculture.
D) was dominated by merchants looking for new markets beyond the boundaries of their own nations.
A) the return of the Black Death.
B) the invention of the compass.
C) the revival of the African slave trade.
D) the rise of united and powerful nation states.
A) got involved in the Indian slave trade.
B) soon went to war with France.
C) replaced Portugal as the foremost seafaring nation.
D) opened trade with the great khan in China.
A) made possible the creation of a Spanish empire in America.
B) brought capitalism to Mexico.
C) founded St. Augustine.
D) introduced African slavery into America.
A) native religions died out.
B) most natives continued to practice their own religious rituals.
C) rebellions against whites ceased.
D) Spain was able to control all southwestern tribes.
A) resulted in the permanent expulsion of Spain from New Mexico.
B) allowed the Pueblos to regain temporary political control of their communities.
C) resulted in the annihilation of the Pueblo people.
D) resulted from the unjust takings of Pueblo land by the Spanish.
A) exchange of plants and animals.
B) importation of European diseases.
C) native adoption of European ways of waging war.
D) intermarriage of Europeans and natives.
A) importation of new crops that could feed larger numbers of people.
B) discovery of new forms of religious worship.
C) Indian labor force.
D) architectural knowledge gained from the Aztecs.
A) the father is the sole authority in the family.
B) local gods are the basis of religious beliefs.
C) women play a major, often dominant, role.
D) slavery does not exist.
A) in the fifteenth century, soon after the Spanish conquest.
B) as early as the eighth century.
C) with the English settlement of Virginia.
D) when the sugar industry moved to the Caribbean.
A) the rising European demand for sugar cane.
B) the need for labor in the tobacco fields.
C) a desire to Christianize Africans.
D) the English entry into the slave market.
A) To escape religious strife at home.
B) To bring the Christian religion to the Indians.
C) To escape the economic transformation of the countryside.
D) To find new markets for English products.
A) all they needed to do was subdue the natives and rule them.
B) they must retain a rigid separation from the native population.
C) they could not build a complete society of their own.
D) they should intermarry with the Native Americans.
A) Massachusetts Bay.
B) Jamestown, Virginia.
C) Plymouth, Massachusetts.
D) St. Augustine, Florida.
A) John White.
B) Walter Raleigh.
C) Humphrey Gilbert.
D) James Cobb.
A) The colonies were business enterprises.
B) The colonies promoted freedom of religion.
C) The colonies were designed to transplant society from the old world to the new.
D) The colonies were able to develop their own political and social institutions.
A) the unwillingness of colonists to grow food.
B) fights over the colony's few white women.
C) attacks by Indian neighbors.
D) battles between slaveowners and non-slaveowners.
A) divided the duties and privileges of leadership among several members of a council.
B) imposed work and order on the colony.
C) ended raids perpetrated on neighboring Indian villages to steal food and kidnap natives.
D) divided the colony's profits among the stockholders.
A) John Smith.
B) Lord De La Warr.
C) John Rolfe.
D) Walter Raleigh.
A) elected its first House of Burgesses.
B) made its first profit.
C) received its first royal governor.
D) put down an Indian uprising.
A) pay the Indians for their services.
B) import African slaves.
C) grant land to current and prospective settlers.
D) promise the colonists the full rights of Englishmen.
A) starving time
C) battles with Indians
D) religious disputes
A) The autocratic rule of Governor Berkeley.
B) Overrepresentation in government of the frontier settlements.
C) The government's pursuit and destruction of Indian marauders.
D) All of the above.
A) revealed the bitterness of competition among rival elites in Virginia.
B) it was evidence of the continuing struggle to define the Indian and white spheres of influence in Virginia.
C) it demonstrated the potential for instability in the colony's large population of landless men.
D) of a. and c.
E) of all of the above.
A) members of a Puritan Separatist congregation.
B) not members of a Puritan Separatist congregation.
C) upper-middle class Puritans from the London area.
D) moderate Puritans who wanted only minor reforms in church practices.
A) antagonistic from the beginning.
B) made worse by the diseases they brought with them from Europe.
C) an integral part of its survival during the formative years of the colony.
D) similar to that of settlers in Jamestown.
A) John Winthrop.
B) William Bradford.
C) Roger Williams.
D) Thomas Hooker.
A) was founded by members of the New Haven colony.
B) gave more white men the right to vote than the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
C) had stricter religious standards than did the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
D) was led by Anne Hutchinson.
A) claimed believers could communicate directly with God.
B) preached that the clergy was corrupt.
C) denounced clergymen who were also politicians.
D) stressed faith over good works.
A) conversion to Christianity.
B) tolerance and respect.
A) located in the south.
B) profitable for the crown.
C) proprietary ventures.
D) royal colonies.
C) St. Augustine.
A) the slave trade.
C) export crops.
A) slaves lived longer than they did in other regions.
B) masters could kill slaves with impunity.
C) the island colonies became secure and prosperous communities.
D) owners were responsible for maintaining the health of their slaves.
A) regulate commerce according to the theory of mercantilism.
B) destroy the power of rising colonial merchants.
C) keep the price of tobacco low.
D) raise money to pay off England's war debts.
A) well received in New England.
B) criticized by colonial merchants.
C) the result of pressure on Edmund Andros.
D) hardly felt by colonial politicians.
A) a colonial desire for self government.
B) that local issues were more important than questions over the nature of the empire.
C) that the institution of monarchy was unpopular.
D) that the established church was unpopular.
A) they had to deal with a wild physical environment.
B) they had to deal with Indian tribes as neighbors.
C) they had to deal with religious disputes.
D) they had to deal with an ethnically and racially diverse population.
C) indentured servants.
A) weakening the traditional patriarchal family structure.
B) creating significant labor shortages in New England.
C) making it difficult for women to find husbands.
D) keeping the birth rate low.
B) meeting house.
C) town meetings.
D) small farm.
A) planters from Barbados came to Carolina.
B) slavery was introduced in Georgia.
C) Massachusetts and Rhode Island abolished slavery.
D) the Royal Africa Company lost its monopoly.
A) their country of origin.
B) the ancestry of their father.
C) the ancestry of their mother.
A) an effort by colonial governments to attract more white indentured servants by offering them a relatively high status.
B) the deep seated racism that white settlers had brought with them.
C) white fears of black resistance or even revolt.
D) economic and social needs for an easily recruited and controlled labor force.
B) Pennsylvania Dutch.
C) French Huguenots.
D) Scottish Highlanders.
A) They could be forced to do work that white laborers refused to do.
B) They often came from rice-producing regions of Africa.
C) They were more accustomed to the hot and humid climate.
D) They could be counted on to work the fields without protest.
A) cold weather and rocky soil.
B) more temperate weather.
C) the lack of a substantial commercial economy in the middle colonies.
D) oversupply of single male workers.
A) included the growth of a iron industry supported by Parliament.
B) was primarily limited to local businesses and goods made for the home.
C) was strengthened by a surplus of labor in the colonies.
D) replaced crops as the major export items of the region.
A) the lack of a commonly accepted currency.
B) an insufficient number of ships to carry colonial goods.
C) too many large companies in every colony.
D) a small, unprofitable coastal trade.
A) staple system.
B) triangular trade.
C) middle passage.
D) Atlantic highway.
A) rough and relatively small.
B) English country estates on a smaller scale.
C) seats of an entrenched, landholding aristocracy.
D) insignificant in the colonial economy.
A) were rigidly separated from whites.
B) were widely scattered on small farms, seldom in contact with one another.
C) often participated in various forms of organized resistance.
D) began to develop a society and culture of their own.
A) isolated farm.
B) meeting house.
A) a general economic decline.
B) the witch trials.
C) a decline in piety.
D) the rise of the merchant class.
A) They were trading centers.
B) They were centers of industry.
C) They were intellectual centers.
D) They were areas of few social distinctions.
A) less tolerant than their English counterparts.
B) more tolerant than their English counterparts.
C) more inclined to be members of an Anglican congregation.
D) unconcerned about piety, especially in New England.
A) Westward migration.
B) Rise of towns.
C) Corrupt ministers.
D) The importation of Enlightenment ideas.
A) an effort to alert colonists to British efforts to control them politically.
B) the way the Enlightenment influenced American education.
C) the opening of new commercial opportunities in the West.
D) the first great religious revival in America.
A) occurred primarily at "dame schools."
B) created a white male population more literate than those of European nations.
C) allowed most white men to attend college.
D) created a more literate female than male population.
A) the Bible
B) colonial newspapers
A) was limited to the universities.
B) allowed for the derision of Franklin's experiment with electricity.
C) led to the controversial and dangerous programs of inoculation against smallpox.
D) was spurned by colonial religious leaders.
A) able to act independently of Parliament.
B) controlled by the governor.
C) free from class distinctions.
D) a reflection of democracy in their respective colonies.