Study Guide for Quiz 2: The Unfinished Nation
Chapters 4, 5, and 6
A) military protection from the Indians and the French
B) political stability
C) British subsidies for colonial industry
D) opportunity for trade
A) dissipated as the kings reasserted their power in the British government.
B) was lessened by the capabilities of royal officials in America.
C) was sustained by some Parliamentary leaders who believed relaxation of restrictions would spur commerce.
D) was lessened as officials in London learned more about the colonial economies.
A) little parliaments.
B) agents of the royal governor.
D) agents for democratic reform.
A) establish "one general government" for all of the colonies.
B) negotiate a treaty with the French.
C) expand a system of intercolonial roads.
D) extend the operation of the colonial postal service.
A) who had the Dutch on their side.
B) whose king was the best military commander.
C) which group could win the allegiance of native tribes.
D) whose armies could best fight "Indian" fashion.
A) expelled France and Spain from North America.
B) gave England control of most the settled regions of North America.
C) resulted in the defeat of all North American Indian tribes.
D) resulted in less contact between Britain and America.
A) traded exclusively with the English.
B) traded exclusively with the French.
C) maintained their autonomy by avoiding a close relationship with both French and the English.
D) traded only with the five tribes that made up the Confederacy.
A) Americans were reimbursed for supplies requisitioned in their British colonies.
B) Colonial assemblies were in charge of recruitment in their respective colonies.
C) The French lost the city of Quebec.
D) Most of the fighting was done by colonial militia.
A) English frontiersmen and traders.
B) Colonial merchants.
C) The Iroquois Confederacy.
D) The Royal Africa Company.
A) colonial demands for more efficient government.
B) problems in the merchant community and their desire for regulation.
C) colonial unrest, which the British government planned to put down before it become serious.
D) Enormous war debts and large increases in territory
A) his alliance with the Whigs led by William Pitt.
B) his psychological illness during the 1760s and 1770s.
C) his willingness to defer while Parliament dictated increasingly harsh terms to the colonies.
D) his insecure personality, which contributed to the instability of the British government during these years.
A) forbade settlers from crossing the mountains that divided the Atlantic coast from the interior.
B) gave Indian tribes and confederations colonial status.
C) allowed interior settlement only if settlers bought land from the tribes.
D) put forts in the Ohio Valley to protect settlers there.
A) British tax revenues in the colonies increased ten times.
B) Colonists effectively resisted and paid little tax.
C) Many colonial merchants went out of business.
D) Colonial assemblies assumed the responsibility for taxing their individual colonies.
A) Pennsylvania frontiersmen who demanded attention from the colonial government for their defense needs.
B) farmers of the Carolina upcountry opposed to high taxes.
C) northern merchants who refused to comply with the restrictions of the Grenville program.
D) western farmers who protested the Proclamation of 1763.
A) destroyed the economy of the American colonies.
B) stripped colonial assemblies of their authority.
C) created a deep sense of economic unease, particularly in colonial cities.
D) actually helped the colonial economy.
A) it affected only a few people, so the burden was not shared.
B) the money raised would not be spent in the colonies.
C) colonies could be taxed only by their provincial assemblies.
D) the tax was too high.
A) passage of the "Virginia Resolves."
B) well-reasoned petitions of the Stamp Act Congress.
C) intimidation tactics employed by the Sons of Liberty.
D) economic pressure caused by a colonial boycott of English goods.
A) "external" taxes--taxes on goods brought from overseas.
B) not going to be strictly enforced.
C) lower than the Stamp Act taxes.
D) to support colonial projects.
A) was probably the result of panic and confusion by British soldiers.
B) reversed the calming trend that had occurred after the repeal of the Townshend Acts.
C) made John Adams a leader of the resistance.
D) killed over thirty members of the resistance.
A) keep colonial intellectuals in contact with each other.
B) publicize grievances against England.
C) improve the writing skills of young gentlemen.
D) correspond with English radicals who supported the American cause.
A) over eighty percent of the population of Great Britain was entitled to vote for members of Parliament.
B) each colony was represented by an agent and a designated member of Parliament.
C) each member of Parliament represented the interests of the whole empire rather than a particular individual or geographical area.
D) American participation in parliamentary discussions would bind them to unpopular decisions.
A) distributed power among the three elements of society--the monarchy, the aristocracy, and the common people.
B) created a republican government.
C) created a democracy.
D) put power in the hands of those best suited to govern.
A) led to the weakening of the colonial position by women who refused to support the boycott.
B) derived from a doubling of the tax on tea.
C) led to a resistance similar in scale to earlier protests.
D) caused the implementation of the Intolerable Acts.
A) isolated Massachusetts from the other colonies.
B) made Massachusetts a martyr in the eyes of other colonies.
C) created no concern among any group other than merchants.
D) increased the power of colonial assemblies.
A) It adopted a plan for a colonial union under British authority.
B) It endorsed a statement of grievances.
C) It called for military preparations.
D) It called for a series of boycotts.
A) independence immediately became an American war aim.
B) Congress rejected the "Olive Branch Petition" that was an effort at reconciliation with Britain.
C) it took almost a year for independence to become a primary war aim.
D) people immediately viewed independence as a war aim, but it took Congress over a year to concur.
A) helped Americans reconcile their differences with England.
B) persuaded Americans that no reconciliation with Britain was possible.
C) supported the concept of the English constitution.
D) argued that Parliament, not the King, was the enemy.
A) economic or ideological.
B) economic or religious.
C) religious or military.
D) based on disputes between slaveowners and non-slaveowners.
A) give men an opportunity to exert power.
B) reward loyal servants of the state.
C) promote democracy.
D) protect a person's life, freedom, and right to pursue happiness.
A) came primarily from volunteers.
B) immediately came under the control of the federal government.
C) came from both conscription and payment of bounties.
D) were primarily paid substitutes.
A) American manufacturers.
B) the seizure of British forts and the surrender of British armies.
C) the capture of supply ships by American privateers.
D) foreign aid.
A) the greatest navy and the best-equipped army in the world.
B) superior industrial resources.
C) greater commitment to the conflict.
D) a coherent structure of command.
A) selling bonds.
B) minting gold and silver coins.
C) borrowing from other nations.
D) taxing the wealthy.
A) knowledge of military affairs.
B) image among the people, who trusted and respected him.
C) successful military experience in the Great War for the empire.
D) relaxed, informal way with his men.
A) they had a better chance of success in the South where Tory support was stronger.
B) the war had become more than just a local phenomenon around Boston.
C) the American invasion of Canada had taken away a substantial amount of British territory.
D) that they could win the war by taking Boston.
A) won no victories, major or minor.
B) become badly divided and scattered.
C) retreated into western Pennsylvania.
D) won two minor victories and remained intact.
A) To move forces up the Hudson from New York City.
B) To prepare a two-pronged attack along the Mohawk and the upper Hudson.
C) To capture Charleston.
D) To bring an army down from Canada to meet the one coming up from New York.
A) convinced the French that they should help the Americans.
B) caused the British to consider giving up the fight.
C) made George Washington a military hero.
D) had little effect on the war in the long run.
A) there was less population there.
B) they believed there were more Loyalists there.
C) they thought slaves would help them.
D) they had more Indian allies there.
A) shocked American forces.
B) came as no surprise since he was not highly regarded.
C) led to the surrender of the fort at West Point.
D) resulted in Arnold's hanging.
A) French troops and a French fleet helped trap the British.
B) Washington was able to defeat the British in the field.
C) Americans were finally better trained than the British.
D) the British commander underestimated the size of Washington's army.
A) they feared the Americans might take Canada.
B) British agents were at work among the common folk of Paris.
C) they were committed to staying in the war until Spain got Gibraltar.
D) Spain was insisting on getting the Virgin Islands.
A) western farmers.
C) traders and trappers.
A) generally fought in the war on the side of the British.
B) generally fought in the war on the side of the Americans.
C) generally stayed neutral in the war.
D) saw their position improved by the results of the Revolution.
A) primarily rice planters, unaffected by British restrictions.
B) Anglican and loyal to the Church of England.
C) fearful that talk of rebellion would inspire slaves to revolt.
D) closely tied to families back in England.
A) things generally went back to the way they were before and few concrete reforms occurred in the status of women.
B) women were able to translate wartime gains into peacetime reforms.
C) women were recognized and honored for their contributions with new careers.
D) women got the right to vote in most northern colonies.
A) harbored racist assumptions about the natural inferiority of blacks.
B) never considered it immoral or wrong.
C) feared free blacks would return to Africa.
D) refused to consider plans to compensate slaveholders for gradual emancipation of slaves.
A) there should be no property qualifications to vote.
B) states should have democratic governments.
C) new governments should be republican.
D) some men were born to govern and some were born to follow.
A) Supreme Court.
C) President of the United States.
A) The power to tax.
B) The executive.
C) The court system.
D) The army.
A) They represented the great property interests.
B) They were relatively young.
C) They believed in democracy.
D) They were well-educated.
A) slave and free states.
B) large and small states.
C) eastern and western interests.
D) agricultural and manufacturing interests.
A) revision and strengthening of the Articles of Confederation.
B) larger influence within a new national government for the richer and more populous states.
C) a unicameral national legislature with equal representation for the states.
D) a bicameral national legislature with state representatives in both houses chosen by popular vote.
A) the question of counting slaves for representation.
B) whether to have an executive or not.
C) the absence of a list of individual rights.
D) the question of the power of the national government to tax.
A) separation of "powers" with "checks and balances."
B) system for the direct election of the executive.
C) lack of a national judicial system.
D) single house legislature.
A) presented themselves as the true protectors of the principles of the Revolution.
B) feared the potential for despotism in a strong centralized government.
C) showed a basic faith in human nature and man's ability to wield power justly.
D) argued that the Constitution represented the rights of the "well born" at the expense of the common people.
A) A Bill of Rights.
B) A federal court system.
C) An executive department.
D) The role of political parties in the election of a president.
A) Article III of the Constitution.
C) the President
D) a popular vote.
A) the president.
B) federal judges.
A) The best leaders are those democratically elected.
B) A stable and effective government required an elite ruling class.
C) The new government needed the support of the wealthy and powerful.
D) A permanent national debt was desirable.
A) putting down the Whiskey Rebellion.
B) allowing existing states to incorporate additional land claims.
C) refusing to bargain with Indian resistance leaders.
D) relieving General "Mad Anthony" Wayne of his command.
A) using their offices to to reward supporters and win allies.
B) forming local associations to strengthen their stand in local communities.
C) working to establish a national network of influence.
D) doing all of the above.
A) The ordinary farmer-citizen could, if properly educated, be trusted to govern through elected representatives.
B) Urban people posed a danger to a republic, because they could easily become a lawless mob.
C) The best citizen was one who tilled his own soil.
D) Commercial activity was a danger to the republic.
A) not clearly defined.
B) that of independent nations.
C) that of conquered nations.
D) the same as states.
A) little to improve commercial relations with England.
B) give America undisputed sovereignty over the entire Northwest.
C) end the impressment of American soldiers.
D) indicate that the United States and France were not going to war.
A) Thomas Jefferson was the choice of southern Federalists.
B) the Federalist Party united behind Adams.
C) George Washington took an active role.
D) the Federalist Party divided when southern Federalists refused to support Adams.
A) Supreme Court.
B) state legislatures.
C) House of Representatives.
D) Army of the United States.
A) was started by American impressments of French sailors.
B) led to a series of humiliating defeats for the American navy.
C) led to the XYZ Affair.
D) helped the Federalists to increase their Congressional majorities
A) It was one of the ugliest in American history.
B) Parties and party organization played an important role.
C) It underscored problems in the method of electing a president.
D) It resulted in a clear victory for the winning candidate.
A) repealing the Alien and Sedition Acts.
B) supporting Aaron Burr for President.
C) creating new federal courts and judges.
D) plotting a revolution to prevent the election of Jefferson.
A) Spain recognized American right to navigate Mississippi River
B) The northern boundary of Florida was fixed at the 31st parallel
C) Spanish would prevent Florida Indians from attacking US
D) The city of New Orleans was transferred to the US
A) They were some of the most controversial legislation in American history
B) They were roundly protested by the Federalists of New England
C) They discouraged immigration and encouraged foreigners to leave
D) They were invoked to arrest Republican newspaper editors