HST 143 Quiz
A) There was a widespread speculative fever.
B) The average price of most stock increased dramatically.
C) The daily volume of stock traded increased dramatically.
D) Most brokers required cash payment in full for stock purchases.
A) government regulation and trust busting had stifled free enterprise.
B) there was a fundamental maldistribution of purchasing power.
C) not enough profits were plowed back into business as new capital investment.
D) low tariff policies had benefited foreign competitors and seriously damaged domestic industry.
A) inflating their currencies.
B) draining their gold reserves.
expanding exports to the
getting new loans from the
A) caused the Great Depression.
B) was a result of the Great Depression.
C) triggered a chain of events that led to the economic crisis.
D) had no effect on the onset of the Depression.
A) 50 percent.
B) 75 percent.
C) 25 percent.
D) 10 percent.
A) was caused solely by a particularly bad drought.
was largely a result of farming practices on the
caused the dust from the plains to blow as far as
D) only lasted for about a year.
A) moonshiners trying to make a living in Appalacia.
B) oil speculators losing money in the Southwest.
swamp dwellers out of the mainstream in the
D) dispossessed farmers fleeing the Dust Bowl.
A) The migration of blacks to the North ended abruptly.
B) Blacks suffered a higher unemployment rate than whites.
C) Discrimination against blacks increased, particularly in competition for jobs.
D) Local government and private relief benefits for blacks were smaller than for whites.
D) none of these, for Hispanics were specifically excluded by the immigration laws of the early 1920s.
A) Open up new opportunities for women in the professions.
B) Strengthen the belief that a woman's place was in the home.
C) Drive most women out of the labor force by the time the economic crisis was over.
D) Gain increased public support for such feminist organizations as the National Woman's Party
A) The birth rate declined.
B) The marriage rate declined.
C) The divorce rate increased.
D) Middle-class families as well as working-class families suffered great traumatic impact.
A) upbeat and romantic messages as a sort of escapism.
B) appeals to prurient interests in sex and crime.
C) a return to traditional religious values.
D) a deep social concern to portray the human consequences of the national economic disaster.
A) Erskine Caldwell's Tobacco Road (1932)
B) Margaret Mitchell's Gone with the Wind (1936)
C) John Steinbeck's Grapes of Wrath (1939)
D) Richard Wright's Native Son (1940)
A) rose throughout the decade.
B) fell throughout the decade.
C) rose initially but then fell as the Depression worsened.
D) fell initially but then rose as the Depression worsened.
was a radio show about detectives in
B) was a broad coalition of "antifascist" groups on the political left.
C) was one of the most successful programs of the New Deal.
D) was a name given to the Nazi party by the State Department.
A) Coxey's Army.
B) the Bonus Army.
C) the Spanish Civil War.
D) veterans of the American Expeditionary Force in World War I.
C) racial injustice.
D) nonpolitical unionism.
A) vice president.
B) secretary of state.
C) secretary of commerce.
D) Speaker of the House of Representatives.
A) keep farm prices up.
B) impose government regulation on the commodities exchange market.
C) establish quotas for the importation of foreign agricultural products.
D) promote reciprocal trade agreements with foreign countries for agricultural products.
A) a recovery program for the banking industry.
B) voluntary cooperation by business leaders in restoring the public confidence in the economy.
C) a massive federal relief bill.
D) all of the above.
A) A large-scale federal program of direct relief to the unemployed.
B) A system of government home-loan banks to assist mortgage holders.
C) The Reconstruction Finance Corporation to make loans to businesses.
D) The Hawley-Smoot Tariff to protect agriculture from foreign competition.
A) the Supreme Court declared it unconstitutional.
B) its activities did not gain the support of President Hoover.
C) its programs benefited primarily the small banks and family corporations.
D) it was underfunded and overcautious in the use of the funds it did have.
by lobbying in
B) by withholding crops from the market
C) by running its own candidates for state legislatures
D) by establishing its own cooperative marketing facilities
A) construct the foundations of the federal welfare system
B) transform the Democratic party into the dominant force in American politics for the next thirty years.
C) preside over the birth of the modern labor movement.
D) end the Great Depression.
A) consistent application of clear-cut philosophies to social and economic problems.
B) optimistic and ebullient personality.
C) refusal to engage in tedious and politically charged press conferences.
D) public demonstration of how a man could overcome physical paralysis.
A) public panic caused by the bank failures.
B) collapse of agriculture.
C) problem of widespread unemployment.
D) deflationary spiral that had crippled business.
A) progressive income tax.
B) poll tax, literacy test, and other discriminatory voting restrictions.
C) prohibition of the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages.
D) "quota system" of immigration limitations.
A) involved large-scale destruction of existing crops and livestock to reduce surpluses.
B) required farmers to boost agricultural production.
C) outlawed the practices of farm tenancy and sharecropping.
D) favored the interests of small farmers over those of large farmers.
A) provide payments for reduced production in the interest of soil conservation.
B) help irrigate and reclaim marginal lands for cultivation.
C) provide loans for resettlement.
D) make electric power available through utility cooperatives.
A) Trade association agreements on pricing and production.
B) Loans by the national government to railroads, banks, and insurance companies.
C) Legal protection to the right of workers to form unions and engage in collective bargaining.
D) A major program of public works designed to pump needed funds into the economy.
A) used an overly broad definition of interstate commerce.
B) waived antitrust laws for cooperating businesses.
C) granted public money to private corporations.
D) applied only to corporations, not partnerships and sole proprietors.
A) received strong support from the nation's utility companies.
B) suffered as a result of the collapse of the electrical utility empire of Samuel Insull.
C) was intended to serve as an agent for comprehensive redevelopment of the entire region.
A) take the country off the gold standard.
B) establish the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIc..
C) transfer control over interest rates from the Federal Reserve Board to Congress.
D) establish the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEc. to police the stock market.
A) cash grants to states
B) work relief
C) a government dole for individuals
D) private charity
A) stimulate a broad recovery of the economy.
B) be limited in scope and temporary in duration.
C) create a permanent welfare system.
D) apply the principles of Keynesian economics.
C) doctrinaire liberal.
D) democratic socialist.
A) organized labor.
B) ethnic minorities.
C) trade associations.
D) the great mass of consumers.
A) Flood control.
B) Experimentation with regional planning and rehabilitation.
C) The establishment of a standard of comparison for measuring private power rates.
D) The establishment of a precedent for full government ownership and operation of all utilities.
A) limit population growth.
B) promote reforestation and land conservation.
C) help young married couples buy homes on easy mortgage terms.
D) provide an interracial living experience to promote harmony.
A) strong conservative opposition to the New Deal.
B) promoting civil rights for blacks and other minorities.
C) promoting popular support for the spirit of the New Deal.
D) a desire among intellectuals to adopt more radical solutions to the nation's economic ills.
A) a hatred of the financial powers who were impoverishing the nation.
B) a belief in the federal government's power to reform American society.
C) an uwavering support of President Roosevelt.
D) a faith in the social benefits of radical wealth redistribution.
A) an adoption of some of the more radical plans of Long, Coughlin, and Townsend.
B) a willingness to openly attack corporate interests.
C) a caution created by the Supreme Court's striking down of some of the agencies of the First New Deal.
D) an unwillingness to place additional tax burdens on the rich.
A) abolished the National Labor Relations Board.
B) provided unemployment benefits for workers on strike.
C) provided strong government protection for unions.
D) explicitly repudiated the right of collective bargaining.
A) union shop.
B) closed shop.
C) craft unionism.
D) industrial unionism.
A) General Motors
C) "Little Steel"
D) all of the above.
A) retirement benefits
B) unemployment benefits
C) health insurance benefits
D) benefits to dependent children of impoverished parents
B) construction workers.
A) strict isolationism
B) cooperative internationalism
C) limited internationalism
D) moral internationalism
respect the Open Door policy in
C) renounce war as an instrument of national policy.
D) establish a binding regional-security military alliance with one another.
A) allowed the U.S to forgive German was debts from World War I.
gave Germany American loans so it could pay its war debts
significantly improved the economic problems in
A) It supported the Japanese action.
B) It imposed economic sanctions on the Japanese.
C) It refused to grant diplomatic recognition to the new Japanese territories.
It ordered the
Pacific fleet to stand by off the
D) communists had established their legitimacy through free elections.
A) increased understanding and appreciation of the theories of communism by most Americans.
plans by which the
significantly increased sales of American manufactured goods inside
D) relatively little change in the mutual mistrust which had characterized Soviet-American relations in the past.
A) relied on "dollar diplomacy" as William H. Taft had.
B) returned to military intervention as Woodrow Wilson had.
C) renounced the Monroe Doctrine and encouraged western European intervention.
threat to the balance of power in
power vacuum created by the decline of
C) need to protect American bank loans to the Allies.
D) need to protect American overseas colonial possessions.
A) ending the Depression.
B) freeing all American colonies.
staying out of the
D) banning arms sales to countries at war.
A) Destroyers for Bases
C) Dawes Plan
A) national opinion was sharply divided about the war.
B) national opinion was remarkably unified even though the war was going badly.
C) national opinion was initially divided but soon unified by a string of impressive victories.
D) national opinion was ambivalent and fairly uninvolved due to the so-called phony war.
thwarting the Japanese army's drive through
C) stemming the tide of Japanese advances in the Pacific.
D) driving the last vestiges of American sea power from the Pacific.
C) the Balkans.
A) favor both because they tied down Axis forces.
oppose both because they delayed the cross-channel invasion
B) Hitler's campaign to exterminate the Jews.
the American nuclear destruction of
D) the American effort to prevent Hitler's extermination of the Jews.
A) decreased by 20%
B) stayed the same.
C) increased by 100%.
D) increased by 1000%.
A) Union membership increased.
B) There were no strikes, thanks to the "no-strike" pledge.
C) Congress gave the president power to seize a struck war plant.
D) The Little Steel formula set a 15 percent limit on wage increases.
A) selling war bonds
B) imposing direct price controls
C) balancing the federal budget
D) levying higher taxes on personal incomes
A) never gained as much power as the War Industries Board of World War I.
B) caused a failure to meet the nation's critical war needs.
C) thrived under the political and administrative savvy of Donald Nelson.
D) controlled all purchases by the nation's armed forces during the war.
A) Racial segregation was abolished in the military.
B) The black migration from the rural South to industrial cities increased.
C) Black organizations displayed greater militancy in putting forth their demands.
D) Blacks had some success in influencing the federal government to reduce racial inequities.
A) Japanese-Americans and African-Americans.
B) Mexican-Americans and Southern whites.
C) African-Americans and Mexican-Americans.
D) Native Americans and Chinese-Americans.
A) symbolized the erosion of some of the prejudice against women working in traditionally male jobs.
B) symbolized a permanent change in the status of working mothers in the American economy.
C) symbolized the continued categorization of women in jobs deemed appropriate for them by male bosses.
D) showed how women's work was analogized to their traditional roles in the home.
A) The Supreme Court upheld their evacuation from the West Coast.
B) Reparations were finally paid to evacuees about forty years after the war.
C) Many of the evacuees were United States citizens.
D) Outside California, there was widespread public opposition to the internment policy.
A) the atomic bomb.
B) synthetic rubber.
C) a system of coastal defenses.
D) a system for dispersion of civilian urban populations.
A) chairing an investigative committee that exposed waste and corruption in wartime production.
B) leading the southern conservative wing in Congress.
D) coordinating the planning of the D-Day invasion.
pushed into the heart of
stalled along the
A) atomic fallout.
B) ritual disembowelment.
the lightning speed with which the Japanese armies swept
D) a suicide mission in which a Japanese pilot purposely crashed his plane into an enemy ship.
A) demonstrated that the Japanese fleet was still strong enough to slow the potential American invasion force.
all but destroyed
stopped Japanese advance in the central Pacific near
A) were united in their determination to continue the war.
B) were united in their decision to seek peace.
C) were split with some wishing to seek peace and others wishing to continue the fight.
offered to surrender if they could keep control of
A) New York City and Chicago.
B) Tennessee, Washington, and New Mexico.
C) Wyoming and Pennsylvania.
D) Southern California, Georgia, and Oklahoma.
A) Hiroshima and Yokohama
B) Yokohama and Nagasaki
C) Tokyo and Yokohama
D) Nagasaki and Hiroshima
A) in June 1941, right after Hitler attacked the Soviet Union
B) in December 1941, right after the bombing of Pearl Harbor
C) in February 1945, right after the Yalta Conference
D) in August 1945, about a week before the Japanese surrendered
A) largely the same as it did when they left.
B) completely transformed by wartime rationing.
C) completely transformed by the economic prosperity the war created.
D) as different as the European and Asian nations they had left behind.