The Unfinished Nation: Chapter 27 The Global Crisis, 1921-1941
Chapter 27 Main
character of America's
"unilateral internationalist" foreign policy in the 1920s,
whereby the United States
tried to increase its role in world affairs, especially economically,
while avoiding commitments.
response of America
to the growing world crises in the 1930s, particularly isolationism and
gradual road to American military involvement in WWII, leading up to the
attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941.
A thorough study of Chapter 27 should enable the student to
new directions of American foreign policy -- and the attempts to replace
the League of Nations as a guarantor of global
stability -- in the 1920s
effects of the Great Depression on foreign relations under both Hoover
patterns of Japanese, Italian, and German aggression that eventually led
to World War II, and the response to each by the Roosevelt
factors that led to the passage of neutrality legislation in the 1930s,
and Roosevelt's application of the legislation to
various foreign crises.
growing pro-English sentiment in the United
States after the onset of WWII, and its
effect on American neutrality up until 1941.
specific sequence of events that brought the United
States into the war, culminating with
the attack on Pearl Harbor.
American role in the Sino-Japanese War that preceded and eventually became
part of what is normally considered World War II
"Cash-And-Carry" Policy in which the United
States would only sell armaments to nations
that paid in cash and carried the bought munitions away in their own ships. In
practice, cash-and-carry favored England
in the European conflict, due to England’s
naval control of the North Atlantic.
quick, coordinated military attack utilizing armored ground vehicles and
intensive air support. The word is German for "lightning war."
Destroyers-For-Bases Proposal by FDR and Churchill in which America
gave England fifty WWI-era destroyers in exchange for the right to build
American bases on British territory in the Caribbean.
Fascism A political system that glorifies the
nation, minimizes individual rights, and operates through an autocratic central
government that tightly controls all economics, political, and social behavior.
In the 1930s and 1940s, the term applied to governments under Benito Mussolini
in Italy, Adolf
Hitler in Germany,
and Francisco Franco in Spain.
Lend-Lease 1940 proposal by FDR which allowed the
American government not only to sell but also to lend or lease armaments to any
nation deemed "pivotal to the defense of the United
States’ (meaning England.)