The Unfinished Nation: Chapter 24 “The New Era”
Chapter 24 Main Themes
A thorough study of Chapter 24 should enable the student to understand:
"Bohemian" The term that came to be generally
applied to artists, writers, and others who chose to live unconventional
lifestyles that often shocked traditional society.
"Closed Shop" A workplace in which no one can be hired without first being a member of a union.
"Drys" Proponents of Prohibition.
"Open Shop" A place of employment where no worker is required to join a union. The crusade for the open shop, euphemistically titled the "American plan," became a pretext for a harsh campaign of union-busting in the New Era.
"Parity" In agriculture, a complicated formula for setting an adequate price for farm goods and ensuring that farmers would earn back their production costs no matter how the national or world agricultural market might fluctuate.
"Wets" Opponents of Prohibition.
Associationialism A concept that envisioned the creation of national organizations of businessmen in particular industries, through which they could stabilize their industries and promote efficiency in production and marketing.
Behaviorists Those who adhere to the basic tenet of behaviorism as promulgated by John B. Watson: That psychology should become a science by using the techniques of objective observation and measurement characteristic of natural sciences such as biology.
Flappers Modern women of the New Era whose liberated lifestyles found expression in dress, hairstyle, speech, and behavior. The flapper lifestyle had a particular impact on lower-middle-class and working-class single women.
Fundamentalists Provincial, largely (although far from exclusively) rural men and women fighting to preserve traditional faith and to maintain the centrality of religion in American life.
Issei Japanese immigrants.
Modernists Mostly urban, middle-class people who were attempting to adapt religion to the teachings of modern science and to the realities of their modern secular society.
Nisei The American-born children of Japanese immigrants.