The Unfinished Nation: Chapter 23
“America and The Great War”
Chapter 23 Main Themes:
- The gradual involvement of the United States in WWI, from leaning toward the Allies since the
outbreak of hostilities to eventually being drawn into full participation
in the war.
- The decisive impact of American intervention on
land and sea in tipping the balance of victory for the beleaguered Allied
- The war mobilization of the Wilson administration - how they financed the war,
managed the economy, and encouraged public support of the war effort.
- The idealistic aims and bitter defeats suffered
by Woodrow Wilson internationalist foreign policy after World War I.
- The profound economic, social, and racial
significance of America's involvement in the Great War.
A thorough study of Chapter
23 should enable the student to understand:
· The background factors and the immediate sequence of
events that caused the United States to declare war on Germany in 1917.
· The contributions of the American military to Allied victory
in World War I.
· The extent of government control of the economy during
World War I and the results of that control.
· The use of propaganda under George Creel and the CPI
to further the WWI effort.
· The announced American objectives in fighting the war,
Wilson's Fourteen Points.
· Woodrow Wilson's motives, successes, and failures at
the Paris Peace Conference.
· The circumstances that led the United States to reject the Treaty of Versailles.
· The economic problems the United States faced immediately after the war.
· The reasons for the Red Scare and the upsurge of
racial unrest that afflicted postwar America in 1919.
Any nation involved in a war.
The most radical and
organizationally the strongest of the contending socialist groups in Russia in 1917. Also known as Reds, or simply as
communists. Led by Lenin, in November 1917 the
Bolsheviks won control of the central government of Russia from a moderate coalition that had
taken charge provisionally after the March 1917 popular revolution, which
deposed the czar.