The Unfinished Nation: Chapter 16, “The Conquest of The Far West”
Chapter 16 Main
varied and vibrant ethnic and racial cultures that characterized the
American West and how Anglo-European whites enforced their dominant role
by the latter part of the nineteenth century.
transformation of the Far West from a sparsely populated region of Indians
and various early settlers of European and Asian background into a part of
the nation's capitalistic economy.
closing of the frontier as Indian resistance was eliminated, miners and
cowboys spearheaded settlements, and government-subsidized railroads
opened the area for intensive development.
development of mining, ranching, and commercial farming as the three major
industries of the West.
- The problems
faced by farmers as the agricultural sector entered a relative decline.
A thorough study of Chapter 16 should enable the student to
cultural characteristics of the varied populations of the region.
pattern of settlement of the last American frontier, and the significance
of the frontier in American history.
growth of the American cultural romance with the West, as reflected by the
school, the writings of Mark Twain, and the shows
of Buffalo Bill Cody.
impact of the discovery of gold and silver in the West both on the region
and on the nation as a whole.
development of the cattle industry in the American Southwest after 1860.
methods used by the federal government to reduce the threat of the Plains
Indians, and the Indians' ultimate fate.
reasons for the transition from subsistence farming to commercial farming,
the effect of the change on the West, and the growing agrarian malaise
affecting farmers in the wake of urban industrialization.
Barrios Urban neighborhoods occupied,
principally, by lower-class Mexican Americans. Spanish language dominates in
the barrio, and businesses, churches, and other social institutions catering to
Mexican Americans are concentrated in these neighborhoods. Barrios were often,
but not always, located on the fringe of the city.
Californios Hispanic residents of California.
Coolies Chinese indentured servants whose
condition was close to slavery.
Frontier In the American sense, an unexplored,
unsettled, or recently settled geographic region. The term also refers to any
endeavor in which development possibilities seem unbounded--for instance, the
urban frontier, frontiers of science. In the European sense, the frontier is
the area near the border with another nation.
Mining The process of removing gold
from the sand and gravel of stream beds. Gold, eroded from mountain
lodes, washes into swift-flowing streams and is suspended in the water until
the streams slow in certain places and the gold settles to the bottom. Placer
mining is the easiest and cheapest method of gold mining because only a simple
pan or wooden sluice box is required to separate the gold from the sand and
Mining The process of removing gold
or silver from lodes in ore-bearing rock and earth. It is an expensive
process involving digging, blasting, crushing, and smelting.
Territory A geographical and governmental
subdivision under the jurisdiction of the United
States but not included within any state.
Beginning with the Northwest Ordinance of 1787, the federal government divided
the West into territories to facilitate control until the area was prepared for
statehood. Territories were allowed some self-government by territorial
legislatures, but the president appointed the territorial governor. Because of
the peculiar circumstances surrounding their entry into the union, Texas
and California never went through
the territorial stage.
Tongs Chinese secret societies of the
nineteenth century. Sometimes violent criminal organizations involved
the opium trade and prostitution, rival tongs occasionally became embroiled in
"tong wars," or violent conflict.