HST 141 Dr.
The Unfinished Nation Chapter 7, “The Jeffersonian
Chapter 7 Main Themes:
Americans expressed their burgeoning cultural independence through
republican education, literature and religious revivalism.
impact of industrialism on the United States
and its people, particularly with regard to agricultural technology and
domestic questions and foreign entanglements of Thomas Jefferson's
presidency, including Marbury v. Madison, the
Louisiana Purchase, the settling of the west, and the impressment
and embargo controversies
response of the American people and their political system to the nation's
physical expansion, and the reaction of Native American groups to this
growing conflict between British naval policies and American self-identity
that led to the War of 1812, and its ultimate consequences for the young
A thorough study of Chapter 7 should enable the student to
role of republican education in creating a "virtuous and enlightened
American cultural and nationalist aspirations beginning to emerge in the
first two decades of the nineteenth century.
effects of the revolutionary experience on American religion,
and the changing religious patterns that helped bring on the Second Great
growing industrialism of America and the important advances made in
technology and transportation during Jefferson's presidency, belying the
simple, agrarian republic envisioned by the Jeffersonians.
political philosophy of Thomas Jefferson, and the
extent to which he was able to adhere to his philosophy while president.
origins and compromises that led to the creation of Washington
DC as America's
Jeffersonian-Federalist struggle over the judiciary--its causes, the main
points of conflict, and the importance of the outcome for the future of
Jefferson's constitutional reservations concerning the Louisiana
Purchase, and the significance of his decision to accept the
reasons for President Jefferson's sponsorship of the Lewis and Clark
expedition, and the importance of that exploration.
strange story of Aaron Burr, his duel with Alexander Hamilton, and his
trial for "conspiracy."
problems caused by Tecumseh's attempts at confederation and by the Spanish
presence in Florida as
Americans surged westward.
motivations behind Thomas Jefferson and James Madison's strategy of
"peaceable coercion," and why it ultimately failed.
international events leading up to the War of 1812, and the domestic
forces encouraging the war.
extent of the opposition to the American war effort, and the ways in which
the New England Federalists attempted to show their objections.
end of the War of 1812, and the treaties accompanying it.
comparative role of the United States
in the "global industrial revolution" that originated in Great
A staple of the Second Great
Awakening, camp meetings were fervent revivals lasting several days and
characterized by great outpourings of religious emotion.
Religious philosophy rooted in the
Enlightenment. Deists accepted the existence of God, but they considered Him a
remote building who, after having created the universe, had withdrawn from
direct involvement with the human race and its sins.
An act that
prohibits ships from entering or leaving a nation's ports.
The bringing of
charges against a governmental official by the House of Representatives.
Removal from office cannot come from impeachment alone. A trial must be held in
the Senate, and on conviction there, the offender may be removed from his or
Not actually a democrat, in the
classic sense of the word, Jefferson believed that the masses were capable of
selecting their own representatives and, if properly educated and informed,
would select the best and the wisest to govern. Once these were chosen,
however, this "natural aristocracy" should be allowed to govern
without interference from those who selected them. Only when they stood again
for election would these representatives be called on to explain their actions.
The power of a court to review a
law, compare it with the Constitution, and rule on whether it does or does not
conform to the principles of the Constitution--whether it is constitutional or
unconstitutional. Judicial review began in the United
States after Justice Marshall’s decision in Marbury v. Madison.
The control of political
appointments assumed by the victors in an election--the "spoils" of
victory, which the victors hand out as rewards to their followers; hence the
practice became known as the "spoils system."