The Unfinished Nation: Chapter 12: Antebellum
Culture And Reform
Chapter 12 Main
development by American intellectuals of a national culture committed to
the liberation of the human spirit, as expressed in art, literature,
utopian communities, and transcendental philosophy.
effect of this commitment to the liberation of the human spirit in
reinforcing the evangelical reform impulse of the period, in movements as
diverse as temperance, education, rehabilitation, and women's rights.
- The emergence
of the crusade against slavery as the most powerful element in this reform
movement, and the various strategies of such prominent abolitionists as
William Lloyd Garrison and Frederick Douglass in combating the
A thorough study of Chapter 12 should enable the student to
contributions of the Hudson River
School, antebellum writers,
and the transcendentalists in fashioning an American culture grounded in
nationalism and romanticism.
development of utopian communities and new religions as an expression of
the American reform impulse.
growth of both religious revivalism and new theories of health, science,
and education during the antebellum decades.
origins and development of the nineteenth century women's movement, and
its culmination in the Seneca Falls convention.
impact of William Lloyd Garrison on the rapid rise of abolitionism, and
his role in the later division between radical and moderate abolitionists.
successes, struggles, and hardships faced by the abolitionist movement
abolitionism in context of the global movement against slavery that arose
in the nineteenth century.
Free Soil: Belief that slavery must be kept out of the
Western territories, for the sake of preserving Northern free labor
Personal Liberty Laws:
Laws passed in several Northern states which forbade state officials to
assist in the capture and return of runaways.
Romanticism: The intellectual movement that replaced the
Age of Reason (rationalism). Stressing imagination, emotion, and sentiment, the
movement emphasized individual thought and action as well as human goodness and
Socialism: A social, economic, and political theory
based on collective ownership of the means of production and distribution.
These means are directed by the people or their representatives for the good of
society as a whole.
Temperance: The use of moderation in one's indulgences. In the context of the reform movement, the abstinence from
alcoholic drinks and ultimately the prohibition of these beverages.