HST 141 Dr.
The Unfinished Nation: Chapter 10 “America's
Chapter 10 Main
nature of the rapid immigration and urban growth between 1820 and 1840,
and its effect on the nation's economic, social, and political systems.
pronounced effect of the transportation and communications revolutions of
the 1820s and 1830s on the American economy.
transformation in women's social and economic roles as a consequence of
the factory system.
social changes wrought by America's economic revolution in the fields of
public leisure and Northern agriculture.
A thorough study of
Chapter 10 should enable the student to understand:
significant changes taking place within the nation in terms of population
growth, population movement, urbanization, and immigration.
reasons for the appearance of the nativist
movement in the 1850s.
importance of the Erie Canal for the development of
both the West and New York City.
influence of burgeoning railroad and telegraph networks on the economic
development of the United States.
transformations taking place in business, industry, labor, and commerce as
the full impact of the industrial revolution was felt in the United
vast changes taking place in the Northeast as agriculture declined while
urbanization and industrialization progressed at a rapid rate.
patterns of society, including social inequality, familial relationships,
and leisure activities, that characterize early nineteenth-century
living and working conditions of both men and women in the northern
factory towns and on the northwestern farms.
Cordwainers Makers of high-quality shoes and boots. They set up their
own national craft union soon after the creation of the National Trades’ Union.
The displacement of skilled and artisanal jobs by the
Division Of Labor The
assigning of various duties to various workers rather than having one worker do
an entire project. As a result, the worker becomes more specialized, more
competent, and more productive.
Factory System System of manufacture in which all operations were brought
under one roof. This is in contrast to earlier systems of manufacture, where
most work took place in households or small workshops.
Capitalist One who invests capital in manufacturing.
Limited Liability A
system of law in which individual stockholders in a corporation risk losing
only the value of their own investment if a corporation should fail; they are
not liable for the corporation’s larger losses.
Capitalist One who invests capital in the buying, selling, and shipping of
goods, but not in their production.
Packet Line A shipping
line that carried mail, passengers, and goods on a regular schedule.
Industrial science. The study of how to improve
industries through better machines, work schedules, factory organization.