2. The use of bacteria and fungi in the making of cheeses.
3. The selective breeding of plants and animals
2. involves the manipulation of nucleic acids;
a. Deoxyriboucleic Acid (DNA)- the
"master molecule" of the cell
which stores the genetic information cell utilize in the production
of proteins, and
b. Ribonucleic Acid (RNA)- occuring
in three distinct forms, all of
which contribute to the ultimate construction of viable protein
messenger RNA (mRNA)- serves as the template for
placement of amino acids
in a polypeptide chain.
ribosomal RNA (rRNA)- a component of the ribosome
which helps regulate the enzyme
activity during protein synthesis.
transfer RNA (tRNA)- carries amino acids to
the site of