Introduction to Composition


English 100 Fall 2000 4 Credit Hours

Time: M/W 5:30--7:15pm M/ W 7:30 --9:15pm T/Th 12:30--2:20pm

Instructor : Gloria Bowman Lucy

Telephone: (301) 868-5325 (M--F; 10:00am---8:00pm)

Office Hours: Monday & Wednesday 4:00--5:00 pm or by app't.

Tuesday & Thursday 12:00--12:30pm or by app't.


Required Texts & Material


Primis by John Langan; Rules for Writers by Diana Hacker

Loose-leaf notebook; college-level dictionary; thesaurus


Course Description

Prerequisite: a satisfactory score on the placement test or a PI grade in DVE

English 100 is a writing course designed for students who have progressed beyond the development level but who need more writing practice before entering English 101. The course focuses on expository essays and paragraphs and provides direct instruction in

major rules of grammar, punctuation, and sentence rhetoric.


Course Objectives

(1) in this course you will improve your ability to write paragraphs and essays that are clear, focused, and well-developed


(2) you will eliminate problems witih sentence structure and grammar from your writing


Course Requirements

- three to five paragraphs

- four essays

In addition, you will be tested on at least the following areas:

- fragments - run-on sentences - errors in verb forms

- problems with subject-verb agreement


Course policies:


Papers: Late papers will be marked down one full letter grade for each class day they are late. Late papers may not be more than one week late. No more than three late assignments will be accepted in one semester. All papers not written in class must be typed (or word processed) and double spaced.


Plagiarism: Any paper found to be plagiarized will receive an automatic F. The instructor reserves the right to question any inconsistencies of style.


Attendance: Attendance is extremely important; it will be factored into your grade. Absences which have not been cleared in advance will be marked as unexcused unless accompanied by appropriate paperwork (doctor's notes, court summons, etc.) You are expected to be in class on time as attendance will be taken only ONCE during class. Any student who misses more than 25% of classes must withdraw or receive an F for the course. Disruptive behavior will not be tolerated. You can be barred from attending class and even suspended from the college. If your behavior causes you to be barred from class, all work missed will be counted against you , adding up to zeroes; this also includes missed exams. Quizzes and tests may not be made up. Further, disruptive behavior includes, but is not limited to, loud talking and socializing during class.


Participation: Class participation is extremely important and will be factored into your grade. Please feel free to ask questions in class. You are expected to remain in the classroom while class is in session unless there is an emergency.




Tests on grammar 20%

Paragraphs 20%

Essays 40%

Quizzes/Homework 10%

Attendance?Participation 10%


Where to turn for help:


Your instructor: Feel free to stop by during office hours or call me. Phone messages will be answered. If you cannot make my office hours and cannot make an appointment, we may have a phone conference, but you must take the initiative.


The Writing Center: Call (301) 322-0748 to schedule an appointment.


Grading Scale:


89.5 --100 A

79.5--89 B

69.5--79 C

59.5--69 D

0--59 F



English 100 Assignment Sheet

Fall 2000

Statement: These assignments and readings must be done BEFORE the beginning of class. Additional assignments from both Primis and Rules for Writers may be added as the semester progresses. Unless otherwise stated, all readings are from Langan's



Week Chapters

#1 Wed

Introductions: instructor,course, students


#2 Mon Syllabus; intro to handbook; The Basics

Sec. 57. pg.422-434 (handbook); Subj-

verb (Primis) pg. 198--205; Hw- Rev.Test I

Wed Hw check; Rev. Test 2 pg.205; fragments

pg. 206-217; Prac 1 &2 , pg. 213--215


#3 Mon/ Wed Run-ons pg. 222-232; standard & irreg. verbs

pg. 236--254; sentence types regarding function;

sample sentences in class

#4 Mon



Parts of Speech Drill


Read the following sentences and identify the part of speech of each word



1. The car and house were destroyed by the flood.



2. None of the children had been taught very basic manners which embarrassed grandma.


3. Did he listen carefully or was our wise advice ignored?



4. Ten neighbors from Bowie had never attended any civic meetings and were uninformed.





Part of Speech Drill


1. The car and house were destroyed by the flood.



2.. None of the children had been taught very basic manners which embarrassed grandma.



3. Did he listen carefully or was our wise advice ignored?



4. Ten neighbors from Bowie had never attended any civic meetings and were uninformed.









English 100 Assignment Sheet/ Syllabus Part 2

Fall 2000 - Instructor: Gloria Bowman Lucy


Statement: These assignments and readings must be done BEFORE the beginning of class.

Additional assignments from both Primis and Rules for Writers may be added as the semester progresses. Other alterations to this schedule may be made to accommodate the needs of the class. Unless otherwise stated, all readings are from Langan's Primis.


Week Chapters


#1 MTWTH Introductions: instructor, course, students

Pre-tests, writing samples


Syllabus; intro. to handbook; The Basics

Pg. 474--486 (hbk); subject-verb (Primis);

pg. 198--205; Homework- rev. test 1,2;

fragments; pg 206--217; prac 1,2, pg.213-



#2 & 3 Run-ons, pg. 222-232; verbs: standard &

irregular; pg. 236--254; sentence types

based on function and structure

Punctuation: Primis pg. 228--229; 291--

299; 302--313; Handbook, pg. 272--314


#4 Subj/Verb Agreement; verb tense; hbk:

Section 21,pg. 186--196; Primis The


Writing Process pg. 1--34; the paragraph

pg. 35--62;hbk. section 4, pg.36--57 parag

#1, pg.63,64 draft in class, final copy due

next class



#5 Discuss parag#1; write parag#2 , pg. 64;

review pronoun reference and types, pg.



#6 Discuss and revise parag#1,2 (if nec.);

hbk: section8 pg..102--135




#7 Parag#3 (Description);hbk Section16--18,

pg. 144--166


#8 Primis Sentence building strategies, pg. 355- 361; hbk Pronoun Review, Section 23

pg. 201--215


#9 Essay Writing, pg. 89--129; paper format

pg. 286; editing practices; hbk Adjectives

and Adverbs and Verb Review pg. 221--



#10 Mon/Wed Intro. to essay development; pg. 130--135;

Essay #1 Examples, pg.. 136--145


#11 Mon/Wed Discuss, draft and revise Essay # 2 Process

pg. 146--152


#12 Mon/Wed Discuss, draft and revise Essay # 3 Com-

parison and Contrast, pg. 162--174


#13 Mon/Wed Discuss, draft and revise Essay # 4

Description, pg. 184--190


#14 Mon/Wed Discuss, draft and revise Essay #5

Narration , pg. 191--197


#15 Mon/Wed Course review/ exams week



****drills and quizzes will be given on items covered during grammar, usage and basic writing practices , so please attend class regularly. Your tests on fragments, run-on sentences, errors in verb forms, problems with subject-verb agreement, overall grammar review and sentence types will be announced at least one session prior to tests; most tests will be administered on Wednesdays


Writing the Process Paragraph

from Langan, English Skills


- review the sample paragraph "Sneaking into the House at Night"

- consider the steps the writer mentions as part of the process for sneaking in

Steps (number in time order; cross out items that do not fit the list


quiet on stairs lift up front door

late dances on Saturday night

come in after Dad's asleep don't turn on bathroom light

house is freezing at night avoid squeaky spots on floor

bring key undress quietly

know which steps to avoid

get into bed quietly




- choose a topic to write about

- for 5 minutes write down all that comes to mind on your topic

- write a clear, direct topic sentence and follow the single paragraph guidelines

- be sure that the point of view in your paragraph is consistent

for example, if you begin to write " How I got rid of mice" (first person), DO NOT SWITCH TO "You must buy the right traps" (second person)


- use some transitions as first, next, etc.


Choice of Topics/Titles Choose ONE


how to change a car or bike tire

how to get rid of house or garden pests such as mice, bugs, or bees

how to load a van

how to live on a limited budget

how to shorten a skirt or pants

how to plant a garden

how to conduct a yard or garage sale

how to clean a kitchen or bathroom

how to do laundry efficiently



English 100 - Composition #2 Comparison/Contrast


- follow the given guidelines for the composition format (min:> 4 paragraphs); the last sentence of your introductory paragraph must be your thesis statement; write on every other line of your paper; nest to your title, indicate which pattern you are using: block or alternating; your conclusion must consist of at least 2 sentences; use some transitions;



Select ONE of the following choice of topics:


Two Singers (eg) Luther Vandross and Whitney Houston


Two Jobs Working at _________vs. Working

at _______________


Two Family Members My Brother and My Sister

Two Talk Shows ______________vs.____________


Two Pets A Dog vs. A Cat


Two Restaurants The Outback vs. Shoney's

( do not use McDonald's)

Two Stores Hecht's vs. J.C. Penney _


English 099/ English 100 Exit Paper




- from your own life's experience, write a four-paragraph narrative composition about an experience that caused you either DISAPPOINTMENT OR HAPPPINESS OR EMBARRASSMENT OR FRUSTRATION OR SATISFACTION (peace of mind)


- select ONE of the following as the basis for your paper. NO FICTION PLEASE


Choices: use as your title


- the happiest or saddest day of my life

- an embarrassing incident

- a broken relationship

- my best or worst holiday or birthday

- an argument that I shall never forget

- a good or bad marriage

- "A fool and his money are soon parted "


You must follow the given composition guidelines; your paper may exceed the minimum 4 paragraphs; your thesis statment must appear as the last sentence of the introductory paragraph; use some transisitions; the concluding paragraph must be at least two sentences












When anyone experiences or go threw a broken relaltionship it can be very


painful. Wheather the breakup occured between you, a family member a boyfreind


or girlfriend, or even your best friend it still will effect you in some kind of way . This


is what happened between me and Lisa Last Year.







ENGLISH 101 - SPRING 2000 - 3 Credit Hours


Instructor: Mrs. Gloria Bowman-Lucy Time: Mondays 6:30--9:30


Office: M-3062 Office Hours and Phone: TBA

Phone: (H) 301-868-5325 ( M: 10:00am --5:00pm: )

(T--Fri: 10:00a.--7:00pm)

Required Texts and Materials

The Bedford Guide for College Writers with Reader and Research

Manual, Kennedy, Kennedy and Holladay, 5th edition; Rules for

Writers, hacker, 3rd edition; a college-level dictionary; a thesaurus;

loose-leaf notebook paper for papers written in class


Course Description

This is a university-parallel freshman English course that has two

primary purposes. One is to develop writing and reasoning skills

by examining and discussing them through expository writing. The

other is to broaden the student's cultural perspective by reading and

discussing multi-cultural topics with should result in increasing

knowledge of and appreciation for cultural diversity. The primary

goal of the course is for the student to sharpen his/her writing skills.

By the end of the course, the student should be able to write well-

focused compositions in Standard Written English and to write an

acceptable research paper, following the principles of correct

research and documentation strategies.


Writing Assignment Policy

Compositions: minimum of five; one of which will be presented

orally, as well; all papers written away from


class must be typed double-spaced, using plain

white 8 1/2 x ll" white paper. All in-class writ-

ten assignments (paragraphs and short essays)

must be written on every other line, using loose-

leaf notebook paper. Compositions should average

2--3 pages in length. Your name, the date, and

assignment type (eg) Comp.#1 or Paragraph #2)

must appear in the upper right-hand corner of the



Research Paper: this is a required paper which will be built on the

writing and reasoning strategies practiced and

learned from preceding composition assignments.

This assignment will be explained step by step,

complete with selected topics and deadline re-

quirements for the paper and its components;

the paper constitutes 35% of your grade; it must

be done according to the specific given guidelines.




Quizzes and in-class assignments/exercises will be based on read-

ings and lectures;these assignments will not always be announced

in advance; they may not be made up,if missed.




Late papers will not be accepted. A late assignment is any assignment handed in after its due date. In the case of a doctor's excuse, an extreme family emergency, or a court appearance ( all with documentation), the student may be given an alternate assignment at my discretion. Other emergencies will be considered on a case-by-case basis. Of the mi

nimum five compositions, the student may revise any two that receive the word REWRITE stamped on it. The REWRITE stamp indication means that the paper's letter grade would have been a D or F. I will confer with the student

about the need for revision, and, if the student opts to revise the paper, the revision, along with the original, must be submitted the next class session; otherwise, the designated grade of D or F will be given.

Since the research paper is required, the student will fail the course if the paper is not submitted when due and according to the specific given guidelines.


Attendance - It is very important that the student attend each of the weekly class sessions. This is vital to the student's success in the course; you will miss the in-class assignments which cannot be made up. Roll will be taken

ONCE for each class. Excessive tardiness will lower your grade. You are expected to remain throughout the duration of the class sessions. If you miss one fourth of our classes, you will fail the course. You are responsible for all homework, whether you are in class the day it is assigned or not. It is strongly suggested that you get the phone number of a classmate to find out what's due if you must be absent. Do not expect me to go over everything that you missed for a three-hour class. Attendance is your responsibility.



Final grades for the course will be determined by the following formula:

Paragraphs 15%

Compositions 35%

Research Paper 35%

Quizzes and exercises 15%


Disruptive Behavior: Any behavior that interferes with learning in the classroom will not be tolerated. This includes late arrivals that interrupts the on-going lessons. See Student handbook .



You, the student, are expected to make a totally honest effort to succeed in class. Plagiarism is the dishonest presentation of another's words or ideas as thought they are your own. This will be cause for failure of the course.


Statement: You, the student, are expected to take notes on class lectures, pay attention in class, totally respect both the teacher and other class members, and to ask questions on anything that you do not understand. I, as the instructor, fully intend to help facilitate your success in this class.

English 101- Assignment Sheet/ Syllabus Part 2

Spring 2000 Monday Evenings

Instructor: Mrs. Gloria Bowman Lucy



This assignment sheet may be amended at any time based on the needs of the class. Come to class having read and done the homework on the days indicated. Quizzes, exercises, or additional assignments may be added at any time. Remember: Quizzes and in-class assignments are unannounced and may not be made up, if missed.


Week One: introduction to the course; textbook scan; diagnostic tests and

writing sample. Textbook: Chapter 4--page 72--74; student

essay page 76--78; answer questions1,2,3 on page 78


Week Two: loss due to inclement weather


Week Three: diagnostic test; editing exercise; diagnostic essay (1 page); read

"Writing for Readers" and "Writing for a Reason" pg. 8--9 (text

book); note basic rules for writing ; discussion and reaction to

Larsen essay; Hacker: pg. 88 "Stand-Alone Paragraph";

Paragraph #1- Imagination: What if...; review of Hacker's

The Basics Parts of Speech, pg. 422-432'; assignment: do all

exercises within book pg. 422-430


Week Four: Textbook: Chapter 1 "Writing from Recall" pg 14--21; questions 1--

6 in notebook; continue page 22--26; assignment: Short Essay (1-

1 1/2 pages; select one from #1,2,3 page 27,28; Chapter 2 "Wri-

ting from Observation" page 33--36; questions pg. 36 (1--5) in note-

book; Hacker: Sentence patterns, clauses, phrases, sentence types

page 432--450; assignment: do all exercises on pg. 434,438,444-

445; 450

Week Five: Textbook: Chapter 16- Strategies for Planning (thesis, organizing

your ideas, outlines); do exercises in your notebook; Chapter 17

"Strategies for Drafting" ( paragraphing, topic sentences, con-

clusions, coherence, transitions); assignment: do all exercises;

Hacker: Chapter 19 - Fragments, run-on Sentences, Subject-

Verb Agreement pg. 150--173; assignment: do exercises, lettered

items only; paragraph #2--TBA



Hacker Book Review


1. list the 8 parts of speech


2. Identify the parts of speech of each word in the following sentence:


Clarke never wanted a job with the CIA, but he did work elsewhere because his


sister insisted.


3. Label the subject complements/ direct objects/ indirect objects in the following:

She is a doctor at the local clinic. They received money and praise for

their contributions.


Mark sent Mother a bouquet of flowers for her birthday.


She refused to give the letter to me.


4. A clause is _________________________________________________.


5. The difference between a phrase and a clause is _____________________________.


6. List 8 subordinating conjunctions


7. List 5 relative pronouns


8. Insert an appositive in the following sentence:

Joe lives with his sister in Detroit.


9. Write a simple sentence of 10 words


10. Write a complex sentence about yourself (min. 10 words)


11. Write a compound sentence about your job (min. 12 words)


12. Write a compound/complex about a friend or spouse (min. 15 words)





English 101 In-Class Writing Assignment on Analyses Essays

Read each item carefully; answer all parts of the question;; do not write beyond the

allotted space; DO NOT USE THE TEXTBOOK


-- "Public Enemy Number One?" by Mike Males

What does the writer say are the major causes of real-life violence?



According to the writer, much more violence is committed by ________than by ________.


Is the writer defending the media? Why or why not?







- "The Myth of Cinderella" by Veronica Chambers

The writer feels that women, today, want to be valued as people rather than treated as fragile princesses. Do you agree? Why or why not?










- "Our Barbies, Ourselves" by Emily Prager

The writer uses her imagination to illustrate how far removed Barbie's world is from reality. Give at least 2 different examples to support this .



ENGLISH 101 2000



Basic Information Sheet #1


This fascinating assignment is a mini-research paper, the purpose of which will be to provide information to the reader. Therefore, the paper will be expository in nature. Of course, other styles of writing man be used also. The suggested writing styles include observation/description, definition, comparison/contrast, analysis, cause and effect, and narration. The paper must be based on a topic from your class' list of broad topics. You will not write any type of biography for this assignment. The topic must be one that is both researchable and of strong interest to you, the writer. The paper must have a

MINIMUM LENGTH OF TEN PAGES, double spaced. The paper may exceed ten pages. The paper must be completely free of errors.






March 27 Title Approval


April 3 Thesis Statement Approval


April 10 Submission of working outline


April 24 PAPER DUE








NO PAPERS WILL BE ACCEPTED WITHOUT THE ABOVE COMPONENT SUBMISSION DATES BEING ADHERED TO. (Late submission of components, IF ACCEPTED, will be subjected to a penalty of -10 points per item.)







Basic Information Sheet # 2


I. The Introductory Paragraph may exceed the standard three sentences and MUST END WITH YOUR APPROVED THESIS STATEMENT.


II. Working Topic Outline - before taking notes on your subject, prepare a preliminary

outline as a guide to your research; the outline will help you to decide what information

will be covered in your paper. The Final Outline must be a topic (not sentence) outline

of at least FIVE ROMAN NUMERALS with some sub-topics; do not use the words





III. Sources of Information -- go to the library and / or browse the Internet and get

at least FOUR SOURCES OF INFORMATION; at least 2 of your sources

MUST BE BOOKS; magazines and newspapers may be used also.

IV. In-Text Citations will be used instead of the traditional footnote; these citations should

be used to identify the source of quotations; should be used to document material

that is unknown or unfamiliar or extremely important. Your paper must contain a

minimum of SIX IN-TEXT CITATIONS; see text page 795--811 and Hacker



V. Take notes on your topic; rewrite your information by paraphrasing; assemble your

notes in the order as indicated in your outline.


VI. List your FOUR or more sources on the WORKS CITED PAGE


English 101 Notes on Shaping an Effective Argument

from Reasoning and Writing Well by Betty Dietsch



- the general purpose of any argument is to persuade readers or listeners to accept a belief, adopt a policy, or enact a decision, proposal, or law; an argument urges change and often includes a call for action.



- many, many years ago thr Greek the, Aristotle, defined three kinds of appeals that make up an argument: logos (logic), ethos (ethics), pathos (emotion).


- a logical appeal is based on facts and workable theories; a logical argument appeals to the mind, using evidence, reasons, and examples to support a claim or proposition.


- an ethical appeal is designed to strike a responsive chord in the minds of the readers or listeners, encouraging them to do what is right, good, fair, and best. Ethics can be broadly defined as a set of moral values ---principles of conduct for an individual, group, or society.


- an emotional appeal should be used in moderation; these stir up feelings of the reader or listener


The three appeals can be identified by the types of questions they raise:


- logical appeal: Is the claim factual and reasonable? True or false? Practical or impractical?

ethical appeal : Is it fair or unfair? Honest or dishonest? Good or bad?


- emotional appeal: Do the words arouse feelings of empathy, sympathy, or antagonism? Do they make the reader or listener care about the subject?


In an effective argument, all three appeals are intertwined.




Continuation of notes on Shaping an Effective Argument by Betty Dietsch


- the structure of a logical argument consists of four basic parts:


. Making a claim (stating the purpose); the claim or purpose should be made directly


- Anticipating objections from readers/ listeners; knowing the main points of the

opponents helps a writer/speaker to answer objections effectively


- Countering objections by supporting the claim with solid evidence; a

writer/speaker supports a claim with facts and explains, using statistics, reasons,

examples, or other evidence.


- Submitting a conclusion derived from the evidence and the writer/speaker's

personal (biased) opinions



Writing Exercise


for each of the following situations: write a thesis statement in ONE EFFECTIVE SENTENCE









#1 Dental charge. A busy dentist has a policy that if a patient missed an appointmen t without canceling, a minimum of $25 is added to the bill. A woman who missed her appointment because she took her injured child (who suffered a broken leg) to the emergency room is protesting the extra charge.



#2 Bad dog. Your dog has misbehaved by getting into and eating some of your people food without permission. You put him outside all day in cold, wet weather. He has some water and some of his food. He is sitting outside on the porch, barking and moaning.


#3 Illicit romance Two office workers ( one is married) are having a romance that has affected their productivity and has become the talk of coworkers. This information gets to you, the supervisor .


#4 E-mail. While at work, an employee sends e-mail that is job-related as well as social. The employer is informed of this and decides to read the employee's e-mail.

#4 E-mail. While at work, an employee sends e-mail that is job-related as well as social.

The employer is informed of this and decides to read the employee's e-mail.





"Why We Crave Horror Movies" by Stephen King

Read the essay and answer the following questions in the allotted spaces. You may use the book but you must answer IN COMPLETE SENTENCES AND IN YOUR OWN WORDS.


1. What does King mean when he says that we are all mentally ill?






2.. What does King's essay explain and defend?





3.. According to King, what is the advantage of watching horror movies?









4. What do you think of King's humor? Is it funny to you? Why or why not?










5. What type of movie do you prefer? Why or why not? Which cravings does this type of movie satisfy? Why?








Practice Sentences

Identify the parts of speech of each word


1. That was his car which had been stolen yesterday.



2. Were you or your sister very interested in opera at one time?



3. We attended the concert, but we left early because Ken became ill.




Practice Sentences

Identify the parts of speech of each word


1. That was his car which had been stolen yesterday.


2. Were you or your sister very interested in opera at one time?



3. We attended the concert, but we left early because Ken became ill.



Identify the parts of speech of each word


1. That was his car which had been stolen yesterday.



2. Were you or your sister very interested in opera at one time?



3. We attended the concert, but we left early because Ken became ill.


Son in the Afternoon" by John A. Williams


Group Participation - determine the answers within your group; have one group

member to write the answers on the sheet; select one other

group member to read the group's answers to the class.

each group member should sign the sheet on the back


Group One


Write a short 3--4 sentence synopsis of the story; do not include small details








There is racism in this story. Who is/are the racists? Explain why








Who is/are the victims in the story? Explain why






Describe Wendell's relationship with his mother (minimum: 3 sentences)







Would you recommend this story to anyone?Why or why not?






"Son in the Afternoon" by John A. Williams


Group Participation - determine the answers to the questions within your group; have

one member to write the answers on the sheet; select one other

member to read the answers to the class; each group member

should sign the sheet on the back



Write a short ( 3--4 sentence) synopsis of the story; do not include minor details








There is racism in this story. Who is/are the racists? Explain why








Write a 3 sentence personality sketch of Wendell







Were Wendell's actions with Kay justified? Why or why not?







Would you recommend this story to anyone? Why or why not?





















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