Brief History of Rwanda:
In 1959, Hutus, the majority ethnic group, overthrew the ruling Tutsi king of
Rwanda. During the following years thousands of Tutsis were killed, and around
150,000 Tutsis were exiled in Rwanda's neighboring countries. Frustrated
children of these exiles formed the rebel group, the Rwandan Patriotic Front.
The Rwandan Patriotic Front began a civil war in 1990. This civil war made
the ethnic tensions worse. This, in addition to political and economic upheavals
lead to the genocide of roughly 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus in 1994.
By July 1994 the Tutsi rebels beat the Hutu regime. Fearing that they
might fall victim to Tutsi revenge, about 2 million Hutu refugees fled to
neighboring countries including Burundi, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zaire.
Since this flight from Rwanda, many refugees have returned home. The
country is still struggling to improve economic and political situations
although they have received some international help. In 1999, Rwanda had
its first local elections. Rwanda's efforts are constantly challenged
because of its involvement in two wars in the past four years, problematic Hutu
insurgency and many population displacements. Advancements are slow.
Information found at CIA- World Factbook 2002