Brief History of Rwanda:

In 1959, Hutus, the majority ethnic group, overthrew the ruling Tutsi king of Rwanda. During the following years thousands of Tutsis were killed, and around 150,000 Tutsis were exiled in Rwanda's neighboring countries.  Frustrated children of these exiles formed the rebel group, the Rwandan Patriotic Front.  The Rwandan Patriotic Front began a civil war in 1990.  This civil war made the ethnic tensions worse. This, in addition to political and economic upheavals lead to the genocide of roughly 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus in 1994.  By July 1994 the Tutsi rebels beat the Hutu regime.  Fearing that they might fall victim to Tutsi revenge, about 2 million Hutu refugees fled to neighboring countries including Burundi, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zaire (Currently known as the Democratic Republic of Congo).  Since this flight from Rwanda, many refugees have returned home.  The country is still struggling to improve economic and political situations although they have received some international help.  In 1999, Rwanda had its first local elections.  Rwanda's efforts are constantly challenged because of its involvement in two wars in the past four years, problematic Hutu insurgency and many population displacements. Advancements are slow.


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Neighboring countries:




Democratic Republic of Congo


More information on Rwanda




Information found at CIA- World Factbook 2002