Adjectives, Adverbs, Quantifiers, and Comparatives
These are words which give you more information about nouns. They come before nouns or after BE-verbs. I have a big, black dog. My dog is big and black.
These are words which give you more information about verbs, or which answer WH-? words. My dog runs quickly. She always barks at the mailman. Many adverbs end in -ly, but be careful. Some adjectives (friendly, ugly) also end in -ly.
These act like adjectives to tell you how much of something there is. Words like some, a few, a little, a lot of, much, many, none of, no, and any are used with nouns, but there are lots of rules. Some, any, and a lot of are used before non-count and plural count nouns. Many and a few only come before plural count nouns, and much and a little only come before non-count nouns. Much and any aren't usually used in simple positive sentences. See pages 57-62 for examples.
These are phrases used to compare two things. See page 68 for the rules about making comparative forms of adjectives and adverbs.
That man is as tall as my brother. That ring is not as expensive as that necklace. That man is taller than my brother. That woman is more beautiful than my sister. That ring is less expensive than that necklace.
That man works as hard as my brother. That man doesn't work as hard as my brother. That man works harder than my brother. That woman runs more slowly than my sister. That soldier fought less bravely than my brother.
Much and less are used with non-count nouns. Many and fewer are used with plural count nouns. More can be used with both non-count nouns and plural count nouns.
I have as much money as my brother. I have as many dogs as my brother. I have more money than my brother. I have more dogs than my brother. I have less money than my brother. I have fewer dogs than my brother.
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