#### Course Description:

Principles of macroscopic thermodynamics, focusing on mass transport and energy, heat and work, the properties of pure substances and mixtures, the first and second laws, and reversible cycles.

This course extends the thermodynamic properties found in chemistry courses. These concepts universally are those in the ideal gas region which are then completed going from the ideal gas region, to the saturated region, the superheated region, and the compressed liquid region. The course is approached from the engineering point of view (as opposed to a physics point of view), making extensive use of thermodynamic tables. Many of the systems analyzed evolve from one region into another (saturated to super heated, etc,). This course prepares the student for the more complex courses in higher-level civil, mechanical, and aerospace engineering courses. Students will become familiar with the several methods of analyzing various systems undergoing heat transfer processes. Student will be able to analyze systems using the proper mathematical tools and physical laws such as The First Law of Thermodynamics, The First Law for Control Volumes, The Second Law of Thermodynamics and The Second Law for Control Volumes.

All problems require university-level reading skills, the ability to abstract, analyze systems mathematically, and graphically. Introduces the foundations of the chemistry and physics of materials used in engineering applications.

Prerequisite: EGR 1010, MAT 2410, PHY 1030, and CHM 1020
3 credit hours

#### Syllabi:

##### Required Book:
8th Edition . Borgnakke and Sonntag  Wiley (2013).
##### Recommended books:
3rd Edition.   Potter and Somerton,  McGraw-Hill (2013).

#### Subject matter covered in class:

Chapter 2
• Intensive and extensive properties of pure substances, definition of specific volume, review of problems involving pressure and force.
• Zeroth Law, temperature scales.
Chapter 3
• Discussion of phases, Temp-volume graphs with emphasis on the saturated region.
• Critical point data. Pressure-Temp graph with emphasis on the separation (or non-separation) of states.
• Ideal Gas Law in its various forms.
• Problems involving, the ideal gas law, steam tables, rigid vessels, double tanks, spring loaded pistons, floating pistons, substances exiting vessels.
Chapter 4
• Work and heat.
• Work done at a moving boundary or by a fan.
• Work done in a polytropic process.
• Work as an integral or as area in simple geometries.
• Problems involving floating pistons, spring loaded pistons, cylinders with stops, double tank problems.
Chapter 5
• The First Law of Thermodynamics
• Derivation of specific internal energy as an intensive property and its uses from the tables.
• Introduction of enthalpy and specific enthalpy.
• Derivation of constant volume and constant pressure specific heats.
• First law for control volumes.
• Problems emphasis the first law for control volumes in a variety of applications including: rigid vessels, input and output tubes with significant kinetic energy, turbines, etc.
Chapter 6
• Second Law of Thermodynamics
• Reversible processes, Carnot Cycle, efficiency, coefficient of performance
• Problems involve heat engines, refrigerators, heat pumps
Chapter 7
• Entropy
• Inequality of Clausius
• Derivation of specific entropy as an intensive property.
• Heat transfer as area under the Temperature-Entropy graph.
• Lost Work.
• Entropy change in liquids, solids and ideal gas.
• Reversible adiabatic processes.
• Second law for a control volume.
• Problems emphasize, heat engines, control volumes in a variety of applications including those with input and output tubes.
Chapter 8
• Reversibility and Availability.
• Irreversibility in a control volume.
• Reversible work in a control volume.
• Problems emphasize calculation of irreversibilities and maximum work in control volumes.
Chapter 9
• Cycles
• Rankine
• Ammonia Absorption
• Otto
• Air Standard Diesel
• Stirling
• Brayton
• Air Standard Jet Propulsion
• Air Standard Refrigeration
Chapter 12
• Combustion, fuels, enthalpy and internal energy.
• Absolute entropy, second law and reacting systems.
• Evaluation of combustion processes.